News Story - British Antarctic Survey supports three-month field expedition to James Ross Island, Antarctica
Date: 13 Jan 2011
British Antarctic Survey (BAS) will support a team of scientists from the Universities of Leeds and Aberystwyth as they embark on an ambitious three-month Antarctic expedition. Their fieldwork aims to uncover information about how the glaciers and ice sheets of the north-eastern Antarctic Peninsula behaved in past climates, and what we can expect in the future.
Alan Hill, an experienced BAS field assistant, will accompany three British scientists as they set sail for James Ross Island aboard the Royal Research Ship Ernest Shackleton, which lies just off the Antarctic Peninsula. In a quest to learn more about the climate history of the region the team is heading to part of the coldest, windiest, highest and driest continent on Earth where they will live and work together in an isolated and challenging environment. They will be heavily laden with equipment including four quad bikes, two trailers, scientific equipment, tents and enough food and fuel to last three months.
The Antarctic Peninsula has experienced above average warming over the past half-century, with around a 2.5°C temperature increase since 1950. This warming is causing glaciers and ice shelves to melt, releasing large volumes of fresh water into the oceans which not only raises sea level, but also influences deep sea circulation and regional climate.
However, scientists do not fully understand the relationship between air and sea temperature, and the melting of ice. Therefore it is difficult for them to assess whether the melting being observed at the moment is unprecedented in the context of geological time.
To address these outstanding questions, the team will collect samples of rock to date their exposure to cosmic radiation and thus to analyse how the glaciers and ice have retreated since the last ice age, around 20,000 years ago.
Lead researcher Professor Neil Glasser, from the University of Aberystwyth said,
"The collapse of Antarctic ice shelves is largely thought to be caused by warming of the atmosphere, but it appears that changes in sea temperature and ice-shelf structure are also important. With the climate expected to warm in the future, it is important for us to understand how Antarctic glaciers and ice shelves behaved in the past so we can predict how they will react in years to come if temperatures continue to rise."
Dr Jonathan Carrivick from the University of Leeds said,
"We're expecting the expedition to be very exciting and challenging due to a quite different style of operations. Normally when researchers work in Antarctica they operate from a research ship or at an established station, whereas we will be dropped off with all our kit and left for two months with just radio contact to the rest of the world."
The team will spend two months collecting around 100 boxes of rock samples, which they will bring back to Britain to study in a laboratory. They will analyse the rock mineralogy, geochemistry and isotopic character to determine when they were first exposed to cosmic rays; to calculate when ice cover disappeared from that particular site. They are also planning to map a 600km2 ice-free area of the island to allow them to generate a 3D terrain model.
Notes for editors
Alan Hill from British Antarctic Survey (BAS) will accompany Professor Glasser and Dr Carrivick who will be joined by Dr Bethan Davies, also from the University of Aberystwyth.
The research is funded by the Natural Environment Research Council.
For images to accompany the story or to request an interview with one of the researchers, please contact:
Hannah Isom, Media Relations, University of Leeds,
Tel: +44 (0)113 343 4031; email:firstname.lastname@example.org.
Arthur Dafis, Communications and Public Affairs, Aberystwyth University,
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Issued by the BAS Press Office:
Heather Martin, Tel: +44 (0)1223 221226; mobile: 07740 822229; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Linda Capper, Tel: +44 (0)1223 221448; mobile: 07714 233744; email: email@example.com
British Antarctic Survey(BAS), a component of the Natural Environment Research Council, delivers world-leading interdisciplinary research in the Polar Regions. Its skilled science and support staff based in Cambridge, Antarctica and the Arctic, work together to deliver research that underpins a productive economy and contributes to a sustainable world. Its numerous national and international collaborations, leadership role in Antarctic affairs and excellent infrastructure help ensure that the UK maintains a world leading position. BAS has over 450 staff and operates five research stations, two Royal Research Ships and five aircraft in and around Antarctica. Stunning broadcast-quality footage and stills of Antarctica are available from the BAS Press Office as above.
The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) funds world-class science, in universities and its own research centres, that increases knowledge and understanding of the natural world. It is tackling major environmental issues such as climate change, biodiversity and natural hazards. NERC receives around £400m a year from the UK government's science budget, which is used to provide independent research and training in the environmental sciences. www.nerc.ac.uk