We use cookies to make your experience of our website better. To comply with EU regulations we need to ask for your consent to set these cookies. I agree |  No thanks |  Find out more

Skip navigation

Airborne Geophysics Instrumentation Specifications

Airborne Geophysics instrumentation on the BAS Twin Otter VPF-BL

GPS Positioning The survey aircraft employs two GPS logging at 10Hz. This provides a true dual redundant system utilising two dissimilar GPS receivers, mitigating against drop outs due to firmware coding errors. A Leica GPS 500 provides the primary GPS and a Novatel DL-V3 provides the system redundancy.
GPS NMEA and 1pps distribution GPS NMEA and one pulse per second (1pps) is distributed to all systems to provide synchronisation of all the data and formation of coherent data sets.
Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) Aircraft attitude and inertial information is provided by an IMAR FSAS inertial unit (been a non ITAR controlled system it can be more readily used in foreign countries). The IMU data is logged to a Novatel Span receiver.
Magnetometer The Twin Otter is configured for fixed wing magnetometer operation. The aircraft modifications include inboard positioned wingtip fuel pumps, pod boom hard points and demagnetised airframe to maximise magnetic data collection. Sintrex CS3 sensors are used due to their high sensitivity, high cycling rates, excellent gradient tolerance, fast response and low susceptibility to the electromagnetic interference.
Airborne Geophysical Information System The AGIS data logging system is used to log the magnetometer data at a frequency of 10Hz with a sensitivity of 1 pico Tesla, radar altimeter data and fluxgate magnetometer is also logged. AGIS also provides pilot guidance information.
Radar Altimeters Data are recorded from the aircraft's radar altimeter fitted in the tail section at 10Hz. These have a range of around 800–1000m and a wider beam compared to the laser altimeter.
Fluxgate Magnetometer A Billingsley TFM100G2 fluxgate magnetometer is mounted in the tail of the aircraft. This provides corrections for magnetometer data.
Laser Altimeter A Riegl LD90-3800VHS-FLP Laser Altimeter is fitted in the floor camera hatch. Returns up to 700m over snow are possible depending on the surface reflections. A repetition frequencies up to 2 kHz can be achieved giving an along track measurement every 3cm with an accuracy up to 5cm.
Ice Penetrating Radar The ice penetrating radar is a coherent two pulse radar with an output of 4 KW radar at 150 MHz. The radar is capable of imaging ice to depths of 5km with an along track resolution of 10 cm before processing and a depth resolution of 8 metres.
Visible Near Infrared Hyperspectral The CASI-1500 is a visible near infrared (VNIR) sensor which offers a 1500 pixels across its field of view, allowing imaging of a vast area with a single pass, or achieve spatial resolutions as high as 25 cm. The sensor samples at 14 bits, with sampling across 100 spectral bands at 15 nm intervals across a 365 and 1050 nm range.
Short-Wave Infrared Hyperspectral The SASI-600 is a short-wave infrared (SWIR) sensor which offers a 600 pixels across its field of view, allowing imaging of a vast area with a single pass. The sensor samples at 14 bits, with sampling across 288 programmable spectral bands across 950 to 2450nm .
Thermal Infrared Hyperspectral The TASI-600 is a thermal infrared sensor which offers a 600 pixels across its field of view, allowing imaging of a vast area with a single pass. The sensor samples at 14 bits, with sampling across 32 spectral bands across 8 to 11.5μm .
Gravimeter Aerogravity measurements are acquired with a modified LaCoste and Romberg air/sea gravimeter. Crossover analysis indicates the free-anomaly field is accurate to ~5 mGals for wavelengths greater than 10 km.
AHRS A secondary aircraft attitude reference is available from the aircrafts Litef LCR92 attitude and heading reference system.
Sony HD cockpit cam A cockpit installed camera provides high definition video and a forward view for the operator when located in the cabin.
Canon 7D A downward pointing DSLR in the camera bay provides synchronised high resolution surface imagery.